Skip to main content

Greenhorn Creek History and Archaeology

In 1988, the Gold Cliff Golf and Country Club project was initiated by Barden Stevenot on lands west of Angels Camp, encompassing the remains of the Gold Cliff mine.   In addition to the 18-hole golf course, construction of some 767 residential units, a conference center with hotel, a swim and tennis club, and a fire station were proposed.  Because Federal laws required identification of important cultural resources prior to permitting the project, historical and archaeological studies were carried out between 1988 and 1992.  A total of 32 prehistoric and historic-period sites were identified and the final project design was laid out to avoid the most important of these.  In addition, an historical walking trail was incorporated into the development -- now called Greenhorn Creek -- which passed many of the preserved landmarks of the property. Ongoing maintenance and protection of the sites was ensured by instituting a monitoring program under the direction of the City of Angels.   The Greenhorn Creek project was referenced statewide as an example of successful integration of historic perservation and commercial development.


In addition to professional reports, the project produced a compilation of archaeological and historical findings so that Greenhorn Creek residents and employees would have access to information on the earlier occupants of this land.  This document is attached and contains the following topics.

Greenhorn Creek History Manual.pdf

Syllabus and Training Manual Greenhorn Creek History and Archaeology

·        Archaeological Resources: identification of preserved resources and a map of their locations

·        Geology and Geography: the lay of the land

·        First Residents:  the people who first lived here

·        Miners and Settlers: those who came after

·        Street Names:  Street names reflect the history of Greenhorn Creek

·        Historic Period Overview: A more detailed history of the area, including mining, ranching, ethnic settlement, and water development

·        Site Histories: summaries of 10 individual sites